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CNCSIS B+ (code 820) since 2007

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Journal Info

Title: Studia Universitatis Vasile Goldis, Seria Stiintele Vietii (Life Sciences Series)
Abbreviated title: Studia Univ. VG, SSV
Publisher: "Vasile Goldis" University Press
Owner: Western University "Vasile Goldis" Arad, Romania
ISSN: 1584-2363
e-ISSN: 1842-7863
ISSN-L: 1584-2363

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Chemopreventive functional food through selenium biofortification of cauliflower plants Print E-mail
Written by Oancea A., Craciunescu O., Gaspar A., Moldovan L., Seciu A-M, Utoiu E., Georgescu F., Turcu D.   
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Article Title: Chemopreventive functional food through selenium biofortification of cauliflower plants
Authors: Oancea A., Craciunescu O., Gaspar A., Moldovan L., Seciu A-M, Utoiu E., Georgescu F., Turcu D.
Affiliation: 1Department of Cellular and Molecular biology, National Institute of Research and Development for Biological Researches, Bucharest, Romania 2SC Tesospec SRL, Fundulea, Romania 3Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, “Spiru Haret” University, Bucharest, Romania
Abstract: The aim of this work was to develop a biotechnological approach for production of cauliflower as safe functional food, with an optimal content of chemopreventive compounds, by a protective biofortification, through selenium application together with betaine and spraying adjuvants. In the control and treated cauliflower plants we determined the amount of total selenium, glucosinolates (sulforaphane) and SAH (S-Adenosyl-homocysteine). We also assayed the chemopreventive effects of compounds formed in the treated cruciferous plants through in vitro tests, using human colorectal tumor cell line (CaCo2). Extracts of plants treated with selenium applied together with betaine and spraying adjuvant were significantly more active on reduction of tumoral cell viability than the extract of control plants. Cauliflower plants, obtained after our treatments for protective biofortification, were used to feed rabbits, for 10 days. The ingestion of biofortified cauliflower did not modify the hematological and biochemical parameters on the laboratory animals.
Keywords: cauliflower, selenium, biofortification, chemopreventive compounds, functional food


*Correspondence:

Anca Oancea, National Institute of Research and Development for Biological Researches, 296, Splaiul Independentei, 060031, Bucharest, Romania, Tel. +40-(021)2207780, email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it